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Teaching, assessing and learning creative and critical thinking skills in primary and secondary education


OECD Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI)

There is a growing consensus that formal education should cultivate the creativity and critical thinking skills of students to help them succeed in modern, globalised economies based on knowledge and innovation. 

However, teachers’ (and countries’) ability to foster and monitor progress is limited by the lack of understanding of how some of these skills materialise at different development stages. 

One reason why these competences are not promoted in a systematic way is that education systems have rarely established ways to assess them formally. 

Another, related reason is that, beyond an agreement on the broad objective, it is not clear how these skills can be visibly and tangibly articulated by teachers, students and policy makers, especially as part of the curriculum.

With this project, the OECD Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) aims to further develop and refine our understanding of how creative and critical thinking skills can be assessed in an educational setting.

List of participating countries in primary and secondary education:

Brazil, France, Hungary, India, Netherlands, Slovak Republic, Spain, Thailand, United States, and United Kingdom (Wales).

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